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Wood Borers (Anobium Punctatum) which are known as common furniture beetles and they are viewed seriously considering their ability to play havoc with the wooden articles, notably the sap wood of soft wood variety, structural timbers, joinery, furniture’s etc and even volumes of books. This is the most dangerous wood eating insect prevailing in the buildings in our country.
The term wood boring beetle encompasses many species and families of beetles Whose larval or adult forms eat and destroy wood (i.e., are xylophagous). In Woodworking industry, larval stages of some are sometimes referred to as woodworms. The three most specious families of wood boring beetles are longhorn beetles, bark beetles and weevils, and metallic flat-headed borers. Wood boring beetles most often attack dying or dead trees. In forest settings, they are important in the turnover of trees by culling weak trees, thus allowing new growth to occur. They are also important as primary decomposers of trees within forest systems, allowing for the recycling of nutrients locked away in the relatively decay-resilient woody material of trees. To develop and reach maturity wood boring beetles need nutrients provided by fungi from outside of the inhabited wood. These nutrients are not only assimilated into the beetles’ bodies but also are concentrated in their frass, contributing to soil nutrients cycles. Though the Vast majority of wood boring beetles are ecologically important and economically benign, some species can become economic pests by attacking relatively healthy trees (e.g. Asian longhorn beetle, emerald ash borer) or by infesting downed trees in lumber yards. Species such as the Asian longhorn beetle and the emerald ash borer are examples of invasive species that threaten natural forest ecosystems.
Wood boring beetles are commonly detected a few years after new construction. The lumber supply may have contained wood infected with beetle eggs or larvae, and since beetle life cycles can be one or more years, several years may pass before the presence of beetles becomes noticeable. In many cases, the beetles will be of a type that only attacks living wood, and thus incapable of “infesting” any other pieces of wood, or doing any further damage.